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Real-time closed tube single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) quantification in pooled samples by quencher extension (QEXT)

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Kjetil Aune

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kjetil.aune@nofima.no

Nucleic Acids Research ; Volume 31. p. e117 2003

Rudi, Knut; Holck, Askild

Quencher extension (QEXT) is a novel single step closed tube real-time method to quantify SNPs using reporters and quenchers in combination with primer extension. A probe with a 5′-reporter dye is single base extended with a dideoxy nucleotide containing a quencher dye if the target SNP allele is present. The extension is recorded from the quenching (reduced fluorescence) of the reporter dye. This avoids the influence from the unincorporated dye-labeled nucleotides, resulting in high accuracy and signal to noise ratio. The relative amount of a specific SNP allele is determined from the nucleotide incorporation rate in a thermo-cycling reaction. We tested the QEXT assay using five SNPs in the Listeria monocytogenes inlA gene as a model system. The presence or the target SNP alleles were determined with high statistical confidence (p < 0.0005).The quantitative detection limits were between 0 and 5 % for the targeted SNP alleles in a background of other SNP alleles (p < 0.05). The QEXT method is directly adaptable to current real-time PCR equipment, and is thus suited for high-throughput and a wide application range.

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