Vitenskapelig artikkel

Feed intake, growth, and utilisation of macronutrients and amino acids by 1-and 2-year old Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) fed standard or bioprocessed soybean meal

Refstie, Ståle; Førde-Skjærvik, Oddhild; Rosenlund, Grethe; Rørvik, Kjell-Arne


Tidsskrift: Aquaculture, vol. 255, p. 279–291–13, 2006

Utgiver: Elsevier

Utgave: 01.apr

Internasjonale standardnumre:
Trykt: 0044-8486
Elektronisk: 1873-5622

Open Access: none


This experiment evaluated the nutritional value of extracted soybean meal (SBM) for on-grown Atlantic cod, and if this was improved by bioprocessing into a product with reduced contents of antinutrients (BPSBM). Three iso-nitrogenous and iso-energetic extruded diets contained no soy (FM control), or 24% of total protein from either soy product. Each diet was fed to duplicate groups of 534 g (1-year old) and 1750 g (2-year old) cod in sea pens equipped with feed waste collectors. The experiment lasted 84 feeding days, the fish were weighed at days 48 and 84, and fish were sampled at days 0 and 87 to budget protein and energy utilisation by comparative slaughter. At day 48 faeces was collected for estimation of macronutrient, energy, and amino acid digestibility. The 1-year old cod reached weights ranging from 916 to 984 g, while the 2-year olds reached weights ranging from 2490 to 2644 g. There was no effect of age-class on growth rate estimated as TGC, but relative feed intake (% of BW) and FER were higher in the 1-year olds. Digestibility and retention of macronutrients were not affected by size. Still, the digestibility of most amino acids and the retention of several digested amino acids were highest in the 2-year olds. The body lipid content was similar in all groups, and did not change. There was no effect of diet on weight gain within age-classes, nor any general effect of diet on growth rate estimated as TGC. The digestibility of amino acids and the lipid was reduced when feeding the SBM and BPSBM diets, but cod of both age-classes compensated for this by increased feed intake and gastrointestinal growth, resulting in lower FER and reduced protein retention. Similar growth and body composition when feeding all diets and similar macronutrient and protein utilisation when feeding SBM and BPSBM showed that Atlantic cod have relatively high tolerance for dietary SBM. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V All rights reserved.