Vitenskapelig artikkel

Chemical composition, mineral content and amino acid and lipid profiles in bones from various fish species

Toppe, Jogeir; Albrektsen, Sissel; Hope, Britt; Aksnes, Anders


Tidsskrift: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part B: Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, vol. 146, p. 395–401, 2007

Utgiver: Elsevier

Internasjonale standardnumre:
Trykt: 1096-4959
Elektronisk: 1879-1107

Open Access: none


The chemical composition, content of minerals and the profiles of amino acids and fatty acids were analyzed in fish bones from eight different
species of fish. Fish bones varied significantly in chemical composition. The main difference was lipid content ranging from 23 g/kg in cod
(Gadus morhua) to 509 g/kg in mackerel (Scomber scombrus). In general fatty fish species showed higher lipid levels in the bones compared to
lean fish species. Similarly, lower levels of protein and ash were observed in bones from fatty fish species. Protein levels differed from 363 g/kg
lipid free dry matter (dm) to 568 g/kg lipid free dm with a concomitant inverse difference in ash content. Ash to protein ratio differed from 0.78 to
1.71 with the lowest level in fish that naturally have highest swimming and physical activity. Saithe (Pollachius virens) and salmon (Salmo salar)
were found to be significantly different in the levels of lipid, protein and ash, and ash/protein ratio in the bones. Only small differences were
observed in the level of amino acids although species specific differences were observed. The levels of Ca and P in lipid free fish bones were about
the same in all species analyzed. Fatty acid profile differed in relation to total lipid levels in the fish bones, but some minor differences between
fish species were observed.
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