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Biography Åsa Maria O. Espmark

My working place is at Sunndalsøra and I am employed in the group ”Effective and sustainable production”. My main working areas are welfare, welfare indicators, quality and stress. I am also involved in projects dealing with escape of farmed fish and organic aquaculture. Regarding welfare much of the work is to use well suited behavioral and physiological welfare indicators in large scale production, and to investigate the most suitable indicators that measure stress from suboptimal farming situations. I have mainly worked with water quality, crowding and pumping before slaughter. The most used behavioral variables are swimming activity and distribution in tanks/cages, while physiology mostly is measured with blood and plasma variables thatindicate stress. Regarding crowding and pumping we are also interested to study the relationship between welfare and product quality. In most cases Atlantic salmon is used as experimental specie, but in the work with escape and organic farming cod and other farmed fishes are also of interest. Education I have my education in biology from NTNU (Norwegian University of Science and Technology) and got the title Dr. Scient. in 2003 with the thesis ”Behavioral effects of environmental pollution in threespine stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus L.” . The thesis contains four publications where behavior is used as a biomarker to describe effects of different pollutants in threespine sticklebacks.

Åsa Maria O. Espmark has 45 publications at Nofima:

The effects of ozone on Atlantic salmon post-smolt in brackish water — Establishing welfare indicators and thresholds

Stiller, Kevin Torben; Kolarevic, Jelena; Lazado, Carlo C.; Gerwins, Jascha; Good, Christopher; Summerfelt, Steven T.; Mota, Vasco C.; Espmark, Åsa Maria Olofsdotter

2020

Welfare in cleaner fish – operational welfare indicators (OWI) – RENSVEL. Revised edition of report 12/2019

Espmark, Åsa Maria Olofsdotter; Noble, Christopher; Kolarevic, Jelena; Berge, Gerd Marit; Aas, Grete Hansen; Tuene, Stig Atle; Iversen, Martin Haugmo; Wergeland, Heidrun Inger; Johansen, Lill-Heidi; Burgerhout, Erik; Gjerde, Bjarne; Lein, Ingrid

2020

CtrlAQUA - Annual Report 2019 - CtrlAqua - Centre for Closed-Containment Aquaculture

Espmark, Åsa Maria Olofsdotter (ed.); Kraugerud, Reidun Lilleholt (ed.); Juul-Dam, Kasper Thøring (ed.)

2020

RENSVEL OWI FACT SHEET SERIES: An introduction to Operational and Laboratory-based Welfare Indicators for lumpfish (Cyclopterus lumpus L.)

Noble, Christopher; Iversen, Martin Haugmo; Lein, Ingrid; Kolarevic, Jelena; Johansen, Lill-Heidi; Berge, Gerd Marit; Burgerhout, Erik; Puvanendran, Velmurugu; Mortensen, Atle; Stene, Anne; Espmark, Åsa Maria Olofsdotter

2019

RENSVEL OWI FACT SHEET SERIES: An introduction to Operational and Laboratory-based Welfare Indicators for ballan wrasse (Labrus bergylta)

Noble, Christopher; Iversen, Martin Haugmo; Lein, Ingrid; Kolarevic, Jelena; Johansen, Lill-Heidi; Burgerhout, Erik; Puvanendran, Velmurugu; Kousoulaki, Katerina; Aas, Grete Hansen; Stene, Anne; Espmark, Åsa Maria Olofsdotter

2019

Welfare in cleaner fish – operational welfare indicators (OWI) - RENSVEL

Espmark, Åsa Maria Olofsdotter; Noble, Christopher; Kolarevic, Jelena; Berge, Gerd Marit; Aas, Grete Hansen; Tuene, Stig Atle; Iversen, Martin Haugmo; Wergeland, Heidrun Inger; Johansen, Lill-Heidi; Burgerhout, Erik; Gjerde, Bjarne; Lein, Ingrid

2019

CtrlAQUA - Annual Report 2018 - CtrlAqua - Centre for Closed-Containment Aquaculture

Espmark, Åsa Maria Olofsdotter (ed.); Kraugerud, Reidun Lilleholt (ed.); Modorato, Malin (ed.)

2019

Biggest is not always best

Ytrestøyl, Trine; Espmark, Åsa Maria Olofsdotter

2018

Del C. Bruk av operative velferdsindikatorer i forbindelse med ulike håndteringsprosedyrer

Gismervik, Kristine; Turnbull, James F.; Nielsen, Kristoffer Vale; Iversen, Martin Haugmo; Nilsson, Jonatan; Espmark, Åsa Maria Olofsdotter; Mejdell, Cecilie Marie; Sæther, Bjørn-Steinar; Stien, Lars Helge; Izquierdo-Gómez, David; Kolarevic, Jelena; Midling, Kjell Øivind; Ellingsen, Kristian; Noble, Christopher

2018

Del B. Bruk av operative velferdsindikatorer for ulike produksjonssystem

Kolarevic, Jelena; Stien, Lars Helge; Espmark, Åsa Maria Olofsdotter; Izquierdo-Gómez, David; Sæther, Bjørn-Steinar; Nilsson, Jonatan; Oppedal, Frode; Wright, Daniel William; Nielsen, Kristoffer Vale; Gismervik, Kristine; Iversen, Martin Haugmo; Noble, Christopher

2018

Del A. Fiskevelferd og oppdrettslaks, kunnskap og teoretisk bakgrunn

Nilsson, Jonatan; Stien, Lars Helge; Iversen, Martin Haugmo; Kristiansen, Tore S; Torgersen, Thomas; Oppedal, Frode; Folkedal, Ole; Hvas, Malthe; Gismervik, Kristine; Ellingsen, Kristian; Nielsen, Kristoffer Vale; Mejdell, Cecilie Marie; Kolarevic, Jelena; Izquierdo-Gómez, David; Sæther, Bjørn-Steinar; Espmark, Åsa Maria Olofsdotter; Midling, Kjell Øivind; Roth, Bjørn; Turnbull, James F.; Noble, Christopher

2018

Modelling how the physical scale of experimental tanks affects salmon growth performance

Føre, Martin; Alver, Morten; Alfredsen, Jo Arve; Senneset, Gunnar; Espmark, Åsa Maria Olofsdotter; Terjesen, Bendik Fyhn

2018

CtrlAQUA - Annual Report 2017 - CtrlAQUA - Centre for Closed-Containment Aquaculture

Espmark, Åsa Maria Olofsdotter (ed.); Kraugerud, Reidun Lilleholt (ed.); Thøring, Stine (ed.)

2018

Best practice against lice

Espmark, Åsa Maria Olofsdotter

2017

Sedation of smolt - SMOLTSED

Espmark, Åsa Maria Olofsdotter; Kolarevic, Jelena; Iversen, Martin Haugmo

2017

Velferdsindikatorer for oppdrettslaks: Hvordan vurdere og dokumentere fiskevelferd - Del C. Bruk av operative velferdsindikatorer i forbindelse med ulike håndteringsprosedyrer

Gismervik, Kristine; Turnbull, James F.; Nielsen, Kristoffer Vale; Iversen, Martin Haugmo; Nilsson, Jonatan; Espmark, Åsa Maria Olofsdotter; Mejdell, Cecilie Marie; Sæther, Bjørn-Steinar; Stien, Lars Helge; Gomez, David Izquierdo; Kolarevic, Jelena; Midling, Kjell Øyvind; Ellingsen, Kristian; Noble, Chris

2017

Velferdsindikatorer for oppdrettslaks: Hvordan vurdere og dokumentere fiskevelferd - Del B. Bruk av operative velferdsindikatorer for ulike oppdretts- og produksjonssystem

Kolarevic, Jelena; Stien, Lars Helge; Espmark, Åsa Maria Olofsdotter; Gomez, David Izquierdo; Sæther, Bjørn-Steinar; Nilsson, Jonatan; Oppedal, Frode; Wright, Daniel William; Nielsen, Kristoffer Vale; Gismervik, Kristine; Iversen, Martin Haugmo; Noble, Chris

2017

Velferdsindikatorer for oppdrettslaks: Hvordan vurdere og dokumentere fiskevelferd - Del A. fiskevelferd og oppdrettslaks, kunnskap og teoretisk bakgrunn

Nilsson, Jonatan; Stien, Lars Helge; Iversen, Martin Haugmo; Kristiansen, Tore S; Torgersen, Thomas; Oppedal, Frode; Folkedal, Ole; Hvas, Malthe; Gismervik, Kristine; Ellingsen, Kristian; Nielsen, Kristoffer Vale; Mejdell, Cecilie Marie; Kolarevic, Jelena; Gomez, David Izquierdo; Sæther, Bjørn-Steinar; Espmark, Åsa Maria Olofsdotter; Midling, Kjell Øyvind; Roth, Bjørn; Turnbull, James F.; Noble, Chris

2017

Welfare, Health, veterinary treatments and biosecurity, Chapter 2, page 48-121 in: Deliverable D2.1 Production issues in organic aquaculture

Noble, Chris; Sæther, Bjørn-Steinar; Lembo, Giuseppe; Adamek, Zdenek; Jokumsen, Alfred; Espmark, Åsa Maria Olofsdotter; van de Vis, Hans; Bæverfjord, Grete; Zupa, Walter; Carbonara, Pierluigi; Spedicato, Maria Teresa; Fiocchi, Eleonora; Manfrin, Amedeo; Blancheton, Jean-Paul; d'Orbcastel, Emmanuelle Roque; Röcklinsberg, Helena; Blanco, Ainhoa; Abbink, Wout

2017

Beste praksis for medikamentfrie metoder for lakseluskontroll (MEDFRI) - Faglig sluttrapport

Holan, Astrid Buran; Roth, Bjørn; Breiland, Mette Serine Wesmajervi; Kolarevic, Jelena; Hansen, Øyvind J; Iversen, Audun; Hermansen, Øystein; Gjerde, Bjarne; Hatlen, Bjarne; Mortensen, Atle; Lein, Ingrid; Johansen, Lill-Heidi; Noble, Chris; Gismervik, Kristine; Espmark, Åsa Maria Olofsdotter

2017

CtrlAQUA - Annual Report 2016 - CtrlAQUA - Centre for Closed-Containment Aquaculture

Espmark, Åsa Maria Olofsdotter (ed.); Terjesen, Bendik Fyhn (ed.)

2017

Tank size and fish management history matters in experimental design

Espmark, Åsa Maria Olofsdotter; Kolarevic, Jelena; Åsgård, Torbjørn Einar; Terjesen, Bendik Fyhn

2017

CtrlAQUA - Annual Report 2015 CtrlAqua - Center for Closed-containment Aquaculture

Terjesen, Bendik Fyhn (ed.); Espmark, Åsa Maria Olofsdotter (ed.)

2016

Modelling growth performance and feeding behaviour of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) in commercial-size aquaculture net pens: Model details and validation through full-scale experiments

Føre, Martin; Alver, Morten; Alfredsen, Jo Arve; Marafioti, Giancarlo; Senneset, Gunnar; Birkevold, Jens; Willumsen, Finn Victor; Lange, Guttorm; Espmark, Åsa Maria Olofsdotter; Terjesen, Bendik Fyhn

2016

Effects of Pumping Height and Repeated Pumping in Atlantic Salmon Salmo salar

Espmark, Åsa Maria Olofsdotter; Midling, Kjell Ø.; Nilsson, Jonatan; Humborstad, Odd Børre

2016

The use of acoustic acceleration transmitter tags for monitoring of Atlantic salmon swimming activity in recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS)

Kolarevic, Jelena; Aas-Hansen, Øyvind; Espmark, Åsa Maria Olofsdotter; Bæverfjord, Grete; Terjesen, Bendik Fyhn; Damsgård, Børge

2016

Infrared reflection system for indoor 3D tracking of fish

Pautsina, Aliaksandr; Cisar, Petr; Štys, Dalibor; Terjesen, Bendik Fyhn; Espmark, Åsa Maria Olofsdotter

2015

Rapport/Report 6/2015 – English summary

Espmark, Åsa Maria Olofsdotter; Kolarevic, Jelena; Aas-Hansen, Øyvind; Nilsson, Jonatan

2015

Tanks vs cages

Espmark, Åsa Maria Olofsdotter

2014

Gode driftsrutiner reduserer tapet

Espmark, Åsa Maria Olofsdotter; Aas-Hansen, Øyvind; Kolarevic, Jelena; Noble, Chris; Nilsson, Jonatan

2013

Low light intensity can reduce Atlantic salmon smolt quality

Handeland, Sigurd O; Imsland, Albert; Ebbesson, Lars O.E.; Nilsen, Tom Ole; Hosfeld, Camilla Diesen; Bæverfjord, Grete; Espmark, Åsa Maria Olofsdotter; Rosten, Trond; Skilbrei, Ove Tommy; Hansen, Tom Johnny; Gunnarsson, Gunnar Steinn; Breck, Olav; Stefansson, Sigurd Olav

2013

Pumping av torsk og laks, faktorer som påvirker velferd og kvalitet

Espmark, Åsa Maria Olofsdotter; Humborstad, Odd Børre; Midling, Kjell Øyvind

2012

Bruk av spillvarme til dyrking og prosessering av andemat i Midt-Norge. En bærekraftig proteinkilde til fiske- og dyrefôr

Espmark, Åsa Maria Olofsdotter; Lein, Ingrid; Bakken, Anne Kjersti; Berge, Gerd Marit; Løes, Anne-Kristin; Wibe, Atle; Høstmark, Øistein; Langmyhr, Eyolf; Olsen, Børre; Måløy, Knut; Bakken, Ivar; Kvande, Jørund; Malvik, Per Helge; Tvedt, Georg

2012

Effect of the fat composition of a single high-fat meal on inflammatory markers in healthy young women

Myhrstad, Mari; Narverud, Ingunn; Telle-Hansen, Vibeke Helen; Karhu, Toni; Bødtker-Lund, Daniel; Herzig, Karl-Heinz; Makinen, Markus; Halvorsen, Bente ; Retterstøl, Kjetil; Kirkhus, Bente; Granlund, Linda; Holven, Kirsten Bjørklund; Ulven, Stine Marie

2011

A note on pre-spawning maternal cortisol exposure in farmed Atlantic salmon and its impact on the behaviour of offspring in response to a novel environment

Espmark, Åsa Maria Olofsdotter; Eriksen, Marit Skog; Salte, Ragnar; Braastad, Bjarne Olai; Bakken, Morten

2008

Fluctuating asymmetry in farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) juveniles: also a maternal matter?

Eriksen, Marit Skog; Espmark, Åsa Maria Olofsdotter; Poppe, Trygve; Braastad, Bjarne Olai; Salte, Ragnar; Bakken, Morten

2008

Prenatal stress in farmed salmon; Impacts on physiological, morphological and behavioural characteristics. In Welfare In Farmed Fish. Damsgård, B. Juell, J.E. & Braastad, B (eds)

Eriksen, Marit Skog; Eriksen, Marit Skog; Wibe, Åsa E; Takle, Harald Rune; Poppe, Trygve; Braastad, Bjarne Olai; Salte, Ragnar; Salte, Ragnar; Bakken, Morten

2006

Butyl Benzyl Pfthalate Affects Shoaling Behavior and Bottom-Dwelling Behavior in Threespine Stickleback

Wibe, Åsa Espmark; Billing, Anna Maria; Rosenqvist, Gunilla; Jenssen, Bjørn Munro

2002