Vitenskapelig artikkel

Farbveränderungen im Fruchtfleisch von vier Apfelsorten vor und nach Trocknungsprozessen Colour changes in the fruit flesh of four apple cultivars before and after drying procedures

Haffner, Karin; Jeksrud, Willy; Rosenfeld, Hans J; Tengesdal, Gustav; Skrede, Grete


Tidsskrift: Der Erwerbsobstbau : Berichte aus Wissenschaft und Praxis, vol. 42, p. 151–156–6, 2000

Utgave: 5

Internasjonale standardnumre:
Trykt: 0014-0309
Elektronisk: 1439-0302

Open Access: none

Three apple cultivars, produced in the South of Norway 'Gravensteiner', 'Ingrid Marie' and 'Ingrid Marie, Karin Schneider'and one cultivar 'Red Delicious, Redchief' (imported from France and bought in the local market), were analysed for colour changes in the fruit flesh, both fresh and after dehydration trials. The drying method used was low-temperature dehydration in a closed cycle with a heat pump connected. Analysis of internal quality showed that apples produced in Norway had higher values of malic and ascorbic acids. Concerning the color measurements in the fruit flesh, 'Red Delicious, Redchief' had lower L*-values (darker), higher a*-values (more red) and higher b*-values (more yellow), especially after dehydration. Apple rings of the cultivar 'Ingrid Marie' were "lighter", less red and less yellow, compared to the other cultivars. The authors conclude after these trials that the cultivar 'Ingrid Marie' was preferable for producing apple snacks, compared to the other cultivars.