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Leptospirose - en infeksjon med ny aktualitet?

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Kjetil Aune

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kjetil.aune@nofima.no

Norsk Veterinærtidsskrift ; Volume 115. p. 563–570. 2003

Sunde, Marianne; Heiene, Reidun; Fonnum, Karin Jannicke; Åsli, Anette Wold

Leptospirosis is presumed to be one of the most widespread zoonosis in the world. Human leptospirosis is considered to be a re-emerging disease. The resurgent interest in human leptospirosis stems from several large clusters of cases which have occurred recently. Both domestic and wild animals can be carriers of pathogenic leptospires. Wild animal reservoirs represent a major obstacle in control of distrubution of the causative agent. Leptospirosis was previously a common disease among dogs and humans in Norway. Introduction of antimicrobial agents and rodent control made the disease disappear for about 30-40 years. However, during the last two years several cases of suspected leptospirosis have occurred amongst dogs. In two cases the diagnosis has been verified. This article describes the disease in these two dogs. The causative agent, laboratory diagnosis and the epidemiology of the infection are reviewed.