Tidsskriftspublikasjon » Vitenskapelig artikkel
Bacterial disinfectant resistance—a challenge for the food industry
International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation ; Volume 51. p. 283–290. 2003
The focus on hygiene in the food industry has resulted in an increasing use of chemical disinfection and it has been speculated that this will impose a selective pressure and contribute to the emergence of disinfectant-resistant microorganisms. The frequency of strains with a low-level resistance to quaternary ammonium compounds (QAC) is relatively high for Listeria monocytogenes (10%), Staphylococcus spp. (13%) and Pseudomonas spp. (30%) and lower for lactic acid bacteria (1.5%) and coliforms (1%) isolated from food and food processing industry. In general, bacteria isolated after disinfection are more resistant and represent a potential food safety or food spoilage problem. Adaptation to disinfectants may be accompanied by cross-resistance to related disinfectants. We have recently found a genetic linkage between resistance to QAC and antibiotics in food associated staphylococci, and there is a growing concern about cross-resistance between antibiotics and disinfectants. Disinfectant resistance can in most cases be prevented by effective cleaning and disinfection procedures. More effort should be made to avoid build-up of resistance in food production environments.