Academic article

Processing (blanching, boiling, steaming) effects on the content of glucosinolates and antioxidant-related parameters in cauliflower (Brassica oleracea L. ssp botrytis)

Volden, Jon; Borge, Grethe Iren Andersen; Hansen, Magnor; Wicklund, Trude; Bengtsson, Gunnar

Publication details

Journal: Lebensmittel-Wissenschaft + Technologie, vol. 42, p. 63–73–11, 2009

Publisher: Academic Press

Issue: 1

International Standard Numbers:
Printed: 0023-6438
Electronic: 1096-1127

Open Access: none

Links:
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DOI

Five different varieties of cauliflower (Brassica oleracea L. ssp. botrytis); two white (cv. 'Aviso', 'Dania'), one purple (cv. 'Grafitti'), one green (cv. 'Emeraude') and one romanesco/green pyramidal (cv. 'Celio') cultivar have been studied. All samples were thermally processed and the effects on the levels of glucosinolates (GLS), total phenols (TP), total monomeric anthocyanins (TMA), L-ascorbic acid (L-AA) and antioxidant capacities (FRAP and ORAC) were investigated. Processing methods applied were: blanching (3 min), boiling (10 min) and steaming (10 min). Total GLS were significantly (p < 0.05) affected by processing with the highest losses, 55 and 42% on average, occurring for boiled and blanched samples, respectively. Significant effects were also noted for steaming, but to a lesser extent, i.e. 19% average reduction. Antioxidant-related parameters were similarly affected with average losses of 27, 33, 36 and 46% in boiled cauliflower and 16, 21, 22 and 28% in blanched for TP, FRAP, L-AA and ORAC, respectively. Blanching and boiling reduced TMA in purple cauliflower by 38 and 53%, respectively. Steaming affected the antioxidant-related parameters the least for all cultivars. L-AA was significantly reduced by 14% in all cultivars by steaming. Some differences in behaviour between cultivars were noted, especially between white and coloured cultivars for TP, FRAP and L-AA, but also for some GLS. The main losses were caused by leaching into the processing water. (C) 2008 Swiss Society of Food Science and Technology. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved,