Journal: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part B: Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, vol. 145, p. 68–80–13, 2006
International Standard Numbers:
Open Access: none
We have investigated the effects of a 3-thia fatty acid (TTA) and of temperature on the fatty acid (FA) metabolism of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). One experiment investigated the activity of the peroxisomal beta-oxidation enzyme, acyl-CoA oxidase (ACO), and the incorporation of TTA into phospholipid (PL) molecular species. Salmon hepatocytes in culture were incubated either without TTA (control) or with 0.8 mM TTA (TTA*) in a short term (48 h) temperature study at 5 degrees C and at 12 degrees C. TTA was incorporated into the four PL classes studied: phosphatidylcholine (PC), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), phosphatidylinositol (PI) and phosphatidylserine (PS). TTA was preferentially esterified with 18:1, 16:1, 20:4 and 22:6 in the PLs. Hepatocytes incubated with TTA had higher ACO activity at 5 degrees C than at 12 degrees C. In a second experiment salmon were fed a diet based on fish meal-fish oil without any TTA added (control) or a fish meal-fish oil diet supplemented with 0.6% TTA for 8 weeks at 12 degrees C and 20 weeks at 5 degrees C. At the end of the feeding trial, hepatocytes from fish acclimated to high or low temperatures were isolated from both dietary groups and incubated with either [1-C-14] 18:1 n-9 or [1-C-14]20:4 n-3 at 5 degrees C or 12 degrees C. Radiolabelled 18:1 n-9 was mainly esterified into neutral lipids (NL), whereas [1-C-14]20:4 n-3 was mainly esterified into PL at both temperatures. The rate of elongation of [1-C-14]18:1 n-9 to 20:1 n-9 was twice as high in hepatocytes from fish fed the control diet than it was in hepatocytes from fish fed the TTA diet, at both temperatures. The amount of [1-C-14]20:4 n-3 converted to 22:6 n-3 was approximately the same in hepatocytes from the two dietary groups, but there was a tendency to higher production of 22:6 n-3 at the lower temperature. Oxidation of [1-C-14]18: I n-9 to acid soluble products (ASP) and 602 was approximately 10-fold greater in hepatocytes kept at 5 degrees C than in those kept at 12 degrees C and the main oxidation products formed were acetate, oxaloacetate and malate. (c) 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.