Academic literature review

Carotenoids: Considerations for Their Use in Functional Foods, Nutraceuticals, Nutricosmetics, Supplements, Botanicals, and Novel Foods in the Context of Sustainability, Circular Economy, and Climate Change

Meléndez-Martínez, Antonio J.; Böhm, Volker; Borge, Grethe Iren Andersen; Cano, M. Pilar; Fikselová, Martina; Gruskiene, Ruta; Lavelli, Vera; Loizzo, Monica Rosa; Mandi´c, Anamarija I.; Brahm, Paula Mapelli; Mišan, Aleksandra C.; Pintea, Adela M.; Sereikaité, Jolanta; Vargas-Murga, Liliana; Vlaisavljevic, Sanja S.; Vulic, Jelena J.; O’Brien, Nora M.

Publication details

Journal: Annual Review of Food Science and Technology, vol. 12, p. 433–460, 2021

International Standard Numbers:
Printed: 1941-1413

Open Access: none


Carotenoids are versatile isoprenoids that are important in food quality and health promotion.
There is a need to establish recommended dietary intakes/nutritional reference values for
carotenoids. Research on carotenoids in agro-food and health is being propelled by the two multidisciplinary
international networks, the Ibero-American Network for the Study of Carotenoids
as Functional Foods Ingredients (IBERCAROT; and the European
Network to Advance Carotenoid Research and Applications in Agro-Food and Health (EUROCAROTEN; In this review, considerations for their safe and sustainable
use in products mostly intended for health promotion are provided. Specifically, information
about sources, intakes, and factors affecting bioavailability is summarized. Furthermore,
their health-promoting actions and importance in public health in relation to the contribution of
reducing the risk of diverse ailments are synthesized. Definitions and regulatory and safety information
for carotenoid-containing products are provided. Lastly, recent trends in research in the
context of sustainable healthy diets are summarized.