Academic literature review

Antimicrobial resistance and residues in the EU – current situation and possible countermeasures, emphasis on Campylobacter and Salmonella

Alakomi, Hanna-Leena; Höhl, Andreas; Horvatek, Danijela Tomic; Thomas, Miles; Bruggeman, Geert; Tassis, Panagiotis; Prukner-Radovcic, Estella; Tzika, Eleni; Axelsson, Lars; Kneifel, Wolfgang; Saarela, Maria

Publication details

Journal: Quality Assurance and Safety of crops & foods, vol. 8, p. 399–413, 2016

Publisher: Wageningen Academic Publishers

Issue: 3

International Standard Numbers:
Printed: 1757-8361
Electronic: 1757-837X

Open Access: none


This review gives an overview on the prevalence of antimicrobial resistance in the food chain
in the European Union. The main emphasis is on two important food pathogens,
Campylobacter spp. and Salmonella spp. Furthermore, antibiotic residues reported in food
commodities in the EU during 2008-2012, as well as the current legal framework regarding
antibiotic use in the EU are discussed. In addition, the review also presents alternatives for the
antibiotic treatment of food of animal origin.