Academic article

Survival and growth of Escherichia coli O157 : H7, Yersinia enterocolitica and Salmonella enteritidis on decontaminated and untreated meat

Nissen, Hilde; Maugesten, Tove; Lea, Per

Publication details

Journal: Meat Science, vol. 57, p. 291–298, 2001

Publisher: Elsevier

Issue: 3

International Standard Numbers:
Printed: 0309-1740
Electronic: 1873-4138

Open Access: none

Links:
DOI

Decontamination of meat or carcasses may have an effect in reducing the number of pathogens. Recontamination with other pathogens during cutting or packaging may, however, result in higher growth on decontaminated than on untreated meat due to the lack of competing non-pathogenic microorganisms. In this study we compared the growth of pathogens during storage at 10 degreesC (worst case condition) on untreated meat and meat that had been decontaminated by steam vacuuming combined with spraying with 0.2 hi lactic acid. Salmonella enteritidis inoculated on chicken multiplied quickly and reached log 7 cfu per cm(2) after 4 days of aerobic storage at 10 degreesC, but growth was not significantly higher on decontaminated than on untreated chicken. The number of Yersinia enterocolitica inoculated on decontaminated pork skin reached log 9 cfu per cm(2) after 5 days of aerobic storage at 10 degreesC. Overall, growth on vacuum-packed decontaminated and untreated pork under the same conditions was not significantly different, although there tended to be less growth on the untreated samples. The number of Escherichia coli O157:H7 on decontaminated beef increased by nearly 3 log cycles after 5 days of aerobic storage at 10 degreesC compared to only a 1 log cycle increase on untreated beef. For the vacuum-packed beef, growth of E, coli O157:H7 on the fresh meat was very slow, while there was about a 3 log increase on the decontaminated beef. A higher average growth on the decontaminated beef was also found in an experiment with a very low inoculum (27 cfu per cm(2)). During storage of vacuum-packed samples there was multiplication of E. coli O157:H7 on the decontaminated beef, but virtually none on the untreated beef. This study shows that multiplication of S. enteritidis on chicken and Y. enterocolitica on pork skin was not significantly higher on decontaminated compared to untreated meat. The increased multi plication of E. coli O157:H7 on decontaminated beef, especially when vacuum-packed, gives cause for concern. Preventive measures might be a strict HACCP approach to the handling of the decontaminated meat before packaging or use of a protective culture of lactic acid bacteria. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.