Journal: Aquaculture, vol. 190, p. 49–63, 2000
International Standard Numbers:
Open Access: none
This study was carried out to compare the responses of rainbow trout and Atlantic salmon to being fed defatted soybean meal. Two extruded experimental diets containing either low-temperature (LT)-fish meal as the sole protein ingredient or 32% fish meal and 30% soybean meal, were each fed to triplicate groups of 0.1 kg trout or 0.2 kg salmon maintained in 7 degrees C freshwater. The experiment lasted 84 days, divided into three periods. Weight gain of the trout was similar with both diets, whereas the salmon gained 44% more weight with the fish meal diet than with the soybean meal diet. The apparent digestibilities were 6% higher for nitrogen, 8% higher for fat, and 11% higher for energy in the trout than in the salmon. The feed conversion ratio (FCR) was 24% lower, the nitrogen retention 34% higher, and the energy-retention 28% higher in the salmon than in the trout. Within each species, the digestibility of nitrogen was similar for both diets. In trout, the digestibilities of fat and energy were 4% higher, the nitrogen retention 8% higher, and the energy retention 9% higher with the fish meal than with the soybean meal diet. Similarly, but more severe within the salmon, the respective digestibilities of fat and energy were 16% and 9% higher, the nitrogen retention 19% higher, and the energy retention 23% higher with the fish meal than with the soybean meal diet. Both species developed enteritis in the distal intestine when fed the soybean meal diet. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.