Academic article

Characterizing salt substitution in beef meat processing by vibrational spectroscopy and sensory analysis

Perisic, Nebojsa; Afseth, Nils Kristian; Ofstad, Ragni; Narum, Bjørg; Kohler, Achim

Publication details

Journal: Meat Science, vol. 95, p. 576–585, 2013

Publisher: Elsevier

Issue: 3

International Standard Numbers:
Printed: 0309-1740
Electronic: 1873-4138

Open Access: none

Links:
DOI

In this investigation, the effect of NaCl, KCl and MgSO4 on bovine meat was studied, where the salts were used in standard marinades in 5.5% concentration. The effect of salts on secondary structure of the myofibrillar proteins, protein–water interactions, WHC, and sensory properties of the meat was followed by carrying out FTIR and NIR measurements, cooking loss and sensory analysis. The information obtained by spectroscopic analysis was integrated by using CPCA. This revealed that MgSO4 increased ratio of α-helices and CO and NH groups (followed by FTIR) that are involved in H-bonding with surrounding water molecules (followed by NIR). This was also supported by increased WHC. Conversely, KCl reduced WHC of meat and was correlated to non-hydrogenated CO and NH groups. Furthermore, the sensory analysis confirmed that MgSO4 was acceptable only when the share of this salt in the mixture was one third.