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The potential of Raman spectroscopy for characterisation of the fatty acid unsaturation of salmon

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Analytica Chimica Acta ; Volume 572. p. 85–92. 2006

Afseth, Nils Kristian; Wold, Jens-Petter; Segtnan, Vegard

Raman spectroscopy has been evaluated for characterisation of the degree of fatty acid unsaturation (iodine value) of salmon (Salmo salar). The Norwegian Quality Cuts from 50 salmon samples were obtained, and the samples provided an iodine value range of 147.8-170.0 g I-2/100 g fat, reflecting a normal variation of farmed salmon. Raman measurements were performed both on different spots of the intact salmon muscle, on ground salmon samples as well as on oil extracts, and partial least squares regression (PLSR) was utilised for calibration. The oil spectra provided better iodine value predictions than the other data sets, and a correlation coefficient of 0.87 with a root mean square error of cross-validation of 2.5 9 I-2/100 g fat was achieved using only one PLSR component. The ground samples provided comparable results, but at least two PLSR components were needed. Higher prediction errors were obtained from Raman spectra of intact salmon muscle, and this may partly be explained by sampling uncertainties in the relation between Raman measurements and reference analysis. All PLSR models obtained were based on chemically sound regression coefficients, and thus information regarding fatty acid unsaturation is readily available from Raman spectra even in systems with high contents of protein and water. The accuracy, the robustness and the low complexity of the PLSR models obtained suggest Raman spectroscopy as a promising method for rapid in-process control of the degree of unsaturation in salmon samples. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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