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Effect of soybean oil and fish oil on individual molecular species of Atlantic salmon head kidney phospholipids determined by normal-phase liquid chromatography coupled to negative ion electrospray tandem mass spectrometry

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Journal of chromatography. B ; Volume 748. p. 137–149. 2000

Hvattum, Erlend; Røsjø, Camilla; Gjøen, Tor; Rosenlund, Grethe; Ruyter, Bente

The effect of soybean oil (SO) and fish oil (FO) on the relative molecular species distribution of phosphatidylcholine (PC), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), phosphatidylinositol (PI) and phosphatidylserine (PS) in Atlantic salmon head kidney was studied using normal-phase liquid chromatography coupled with negative ion electrospray tandem mass spectrometry. The conformation of identity of the phospholipid species was based on retention time, the mass of the [M-H](-) ([M-15](-) for PC) molecular ions and the carboxylate anion fragments in the product ion spectrum. The intensity ratio of sn-1/sn-2 fragment ions increased with increasing number of double bonds in the sn-2 acyl chain but was not affected by increasing number of double bonds in the sn-1 acyl chain of the species examined. The relative distribution of the molecular species was determined by multiple reaction monitoring of the carboxylate anion fragment from the sn-1 position. A total of 68 different phospholipid species were determined in the head kidney and the largest amount was found in PE (22 species). Depending on the diet, the main species identified in the different phospholipid classes were; PC 16:0/18:1, PE 16:0/22:6, PI 18:0/20:4 and PS 16:0/22:6. The SO diet significantly increased the 18:2, 20:3 and most 20:4 containing species and significantly reduced the 14:0 and most 20:5 and 22:6 fatty acid containing species. The increase of the 20:4 and the decrease of the 20:5 and 22:6 containing species were dependent on the fatty acid combination of the species (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

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