New ISO standards for fish products
Two new ISO standards for traceability of fish products have been approved. “These standards will provide consumers around the globe with access to more information about the seafood they eat,” says Senior Scientist Petter Olsen at Nofima in Tromsø, who has headed the work related to the new ISO standards.
Facts about ISO standards
A standard is a technical specification describing how different objects can be defined in a clear manner. The ISO standards which have been developed describe which information can and should be registered for products from wild fish and farmed fish.
ISO (International Organization for Standardization) is the world’s leading developer and publisher of international standards. ISO standards are voluntary industry standards and not statutory requirements. However, countries may adopt them as statutory requirements.
The new ISO standards specify which data elements must be recorded for each link in the production chain the fish products go through.
In other words, the standards will state which information must be recorded on the fishing boat or at the fish farm, at the fish processing company, transport company and wholesaler and in the shop selling the fish to the consumers. One ISO standard applies to wild fish, while the other applies to farmed fish.
“Large volumes of seafood are today transported long distances before being eaten by the consumers. If all the links in the supply chain follow the ISO standards, it will be possible to trace the products back through the entire chain to the catch location or fish farm,” says Olsen.
“Consequently, the consumers will be able to find out where the seafood comes from, its characteristics, resource use and environmental profile.”
The new ISO standards are based on the TraceFish standards, which were developed in an EU project headed by Olsen some years ago. The TraceFish standards are a statutory requirement in some Asian countries, but not in Norway,
“Few Norwegian companies are using all the parts of the standards that are in existence today. But in the future I think more companies will adopt this,” says Olsen.
“The companies which follow the standards can have advantages reaching customers through a strong environmental profile and can have opportunities for more predictable and long-term contracts and higher prices. The ISO standards will also lead to better exchanging of information and prevent duplication of work for the companies.”
Potential users of the new ISO standards are fishermen, fish farms, fish processing companies, fish auctions, transport companies, distributors, wholesalers and retailers.
One ISO standard applies to wild fish and is called ISO 12875:2011, while the other is ISO 12877:2011 and applies to farmed fish.
These are the first ISO standards with this level of detail for food traceability. They may be used as a template when similar ISO standards are developed for other food products.