Project Year 2016
Up one level for six species
European fish breeders can now integrate tools and technologies developed in FISHBOOST into their breeding programmes.
The main goal of the EU supported project FISHBOOST is to advance selective breeding to the next level programs for the six main finfish species in European aquaculthttps://nofima.no/en/forskning/naringsnytte/up-one-level-for-six-species/ure.
These species are Atlantic salmon, rainbow trout, gilthead seabream, European seabass, turbot and common carp.
In line with other factors such as improved fish nutrition and health, selective breeding is a way to improve aquaculture production. In European aquaculture, major improvements can be made by establishing new, and developing existing selective breeding programmes.
Half way in the Nofima coordinated project, a solid knowledge base has been established and tools and techniques have been developed by the 26 research and industry partners.
Results ready to use
An important goal is to enhance the innate protection against fish diseases in farmed species. Especially for this group of traits, FISHBOOST partners have developed genomics tools and techniques for improving breeding programmes.
One example is RAD sequencing technology to genotype cheaply. Another example is methods to reduce genotyping costs for genomic selection, by pooling DNA from individuals with extreme phenotypes in the reference population.
These results may lead to wider scale implementation of genomics in aquaculture breeding programmes with the ultimate aim to reduce disease incidences.
For production traits, tools have been developed to record fillet yield indirectly on live fish by recording morphological traits of fish.
Researchers at Nofima have developed software for fish breeders to manage inbreeding in the selection and mating steps in a breeding programme.
Other software selects strains or individual fish in strains to form a base population for breeding.
Today, there are 37 breeding programmes in Europe for the main six finfish species. An economic assessment of breeding programmes in European aquaculture is underway.
IN COOPERATION WITH:
14 partners in research, technology and development, 11 industry partners, and FEAP.
The seventh framework programme of the European Community.