Adapting fishing activities to market demands allows the industry to take fish that are best suited for the most valuable products. The scientists at Nofima help authorities to develop capture regulations within a number of fisheries.
- Value-chain analysis for the capture and production of various species
- Knowledge about the relationship between capture pattern and product spectrum
- Socioeconomic consequences of different capture regulations
- Advice when selecting harvesting strategy
Large parts of the fishing industry live by fishing and producing food from wild fish stocks. Strict regulations are imposed on the amounts that can be taken from the various species each year.
Increased value from sustainable fishing
Different methods of fishing, however, are available, and these give different results. Nofima has high expertise in calculating how the choice of capture strategy influences the total value added.
Authorities have relied heavily on our knowledge to ensure that the fish that is taken is most suitable for making products that customers want. The value of scarce fishing quotas can in this way be increased. Research into market-based harvesting has been principally focussed on cod, haddock, pollock, capelin, herring and mackerel.
In developing this knowledge, we use a perspective that includes all phases of production – from capture, though processing to consumption. Previous recommendations from Nofima in this field have emphasised the need to:
- Take the most valuable parts of the fish stocks
- Maintain quotas as stable as possible from year to year
- Even out fishing seasons (if possible) in order to satisfy market demands for continuity.
The measures taken will be able to increase the creation of value in the industry.
We evaluate the effect of various forms of capture regulation, and develop economic models of how capture regulations affect capture patterns.
One question that has attracted considerable attention is how to increase the fraction of fish that are taken and stored alive. This provides considerably greater opportunities to increase the creation of value. It is possible to store fish in the short term in order to exploit variation in market prices, improve the quality, and utilise production and capture capacity. The fish may also be stored and fed in the long term, in order to increase the amount available. The aim is to feed the fish in captivity such that they grow, and can be sold fresh during periods when the availability of such fish is low.
Nofima’s multidisciplinary research environment combines biology, technology and economics to develop the knowledge, including value-chain analysis, that is required to provide the conditions necessary for capture-based aquaculture.